New Images from ESA’s Mars Express Orbiter Reveal Evidence of Past Liquid Water on Mars
New images obtained from the European Space Agency’s (ESA) Mars Express orbiter have provided compelling evidence that liquid water once flowed freely on the red planet. The images showcase a distinct patch of land known as Lycus Sulci, which is located near Olympus Mons, the tallest volcano in our solar system.
Scientists believe that the wrinkled appearance of Lycus Sulci, as seen in the images, suggests that hot lava from Olympus Mons came into contact with ice and water at the volcano’s base. This interaction resulted in landslides and the formation of the unique geographical features observed today.
The role of water in the formation of these Martian features has long been a topic of study and speculation for researchers. Now, with these new findings, there is a newfound certainty that Mars was once a water-rich planet before transforming into the dry and desolate world it is today.
Moreover, the images obtained by Mars Express also shed light on the Yelwa Crater, located near Lycus Sulci. The presence of this crater further supports the theory that destructive landslides were triggered by lava flows in the past.
The discovery of evidence suggesting the presence of liquid water on Mars holds great significance in the search for extraterrestrial life. While scientists believe that any organisms that may have existed would have perished along with the disappearance of water, the possibility of single-celled organisms hibernating deep within the planet’s ice caps remains open to speculation.
However, whether these potential organisms still exist today remains an unanswered question. Further exploration and study will be needed to determine the current status of any potential life forms on Mars.
These exciting findings from the ESA’s Mars Express orbiter provide valuable insights into the history of the red planet and its potential for hosting life. As our understanding of Mars continues to evolve, scientists remain dedicated to unraveling the mysteries of our neighboring planet and exploring the possibilities it may hold.