Title: G77+China Summit in Cuba Urges Overhaul of Global Order
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The G77+China, a powerful coalition of developing and emerging nations representing 80 percent of the world’s population, has commenced a summit in Cuba with a resounding call to reshape the global order. As the summit opened, Cuban President Miguel Diaz-Canel asserted that it was now the responsibility of the South to alter the rules of the game, given that the North had long organized the world to suit its interests.
Diaz-Canel emphasized the multidimensional crisis faced by developing countries, encompassing inequitable trade practices and the pressing issue of global warming. His sentiments were echoed by United Nations Secretary-General Antonio Guterres, who attended the summit and emphasized the need for a world that is more representative and responsive to the needs of these economies.
Established in 1964 with just 77 countries, the G77 seeks to promote the collective economic interests and strengthen the negotiating capacity of its members. Today, the group boasts 134 member states. Leaders from Latin American and African countries attended the meeting, alongside Palestinian leader Mahmoud Abbas. China, although not a full member, had its representation led by top Communist Party official Li Xi.
The summit also served as a platform for highlighting various global disparities. Argentine President Alberto Fernandez drew attention to the inequalities in countries’ access to vaccines during the ongoing coronavirus pandemic. This emphasis on leveling the playing field culminated in a joint statement aimed at addressing issues of exclusivity, unfairness, injustice, and exploitation plaguing the international order.
The timing of the G77 meeting coincides with significant shifts in global alliances. The African Union’s recent inclusion in the G20 and the expansion of the BRICS trade group to admit six new members illustrate the evolving dynamics of the global landscape.
The attendance of world leaders at the summit in Cuba reflects international recognition for the Cuban government, despite the country’s economic crisis and enduring US sanctions. President Miguel Diaz-Canel has been an active representative of the G77+China, participating in numerous international meetings in recent months.
As the summit continues, the G77+China aims to foster partnerships, build consensus, and lay the foundations for a fairer and more balanced global order that serves the interests of developing and emerging nations. Through collective efforts, these countries seek to address the challenges facing their populations and advocate for transformative change on the world stage.
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